The Grand Canyon is a steep sided canyon carved by the Colorado river in the US state of Arizona in North America. The Grand Canyon is a natural wonder of the world that is 277 miles long and up to 18 miles wide. It includes 2 billion years of the Earth geological history, as well as having a rich history regarding the various indigenous Native American populations that live in the area.
The land on the south side of the Grand Canyon is called the South Rim and the land on the north side of the Grand Canyon is called the North Rim. The South Rim is open for visits all year, while the North Rim is only open for visits from May to October. There are trails leading from the North Rim and the South Rim to the bottom of the canyon. This trail leads to a place at the bottom of the canyon called the Phantom Ranch. The Phantom Ranch has a campground and cabins where hikers can spend the night. Some people can also ride miles into the Grand Canyon and most people who visit the Grand Canyon drive their cars to the South Rim to just look at the canyon from the Rim.
The Grand Canyon National Park is one of the world's premier natural attractions, attracting about 5 million visitors per year. There are a lot of ways to experience the Grand Canyon which include visiting one of the museums, attending free ranger programs, indulging in mule trips, walking the Trail of Time, during the scenic hermit Road, climbing to one of the various beautiful viewpoints for great photos or by simply walking or hiking along the well defined, Rim Trail.
The Park contains several major ecosystems and its great biological diversity and beauty attracts researchers and scientists from all over the country. Over 1,500 plants, 355 bird, 89 mammalian, 47 reptile, 9 amphibian and 17 fish species are found in the park.
Thus, the Grand Canyon is a beautiful, must-see location to visit in the state of Arizona with various fun activities that are great for both families and adventurous youngsters.